The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is a law designed to prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities and grant them the same ease of access to everything possible, just as any other Americans. Part of the law dictates that businesses must make themselves accessible to those with disabilities and must not discourage their patronage. This includes the use of proper signs – ADA signage. But when it comes to ADA standards, what exactly are the requirements for such signage in Texas?
So, what signage is required for ADA compliance? For starters, at the very minimum, businesses need to identify the following: signs located in all permanent rooms and spaces, directional or identification signs, as well as exit passageways and stairwells. This means translating exit signs and the like into braille and keeping them at a height and at angles where all people can see (and feel) them.
Let us look at some the factors that make will make signage compliant with ADA standards.
- Color - As per the new 2010 Standards, characters must contrast with their background. This means either a light color on a dark background, or a dark color on a light background. In the original edition of the law, there was a requirement of 70 percent color contrast. While this is no longer mandated, it’s a good rule of thumb to insure that there is good contrast and readability.
- Finish - The background of all ADA signs must have a non-glare finish (with the exception of parking lot signage) as reflections can cause difficulties for individuals with vision impairments.
- Placement – signs must be placed 60 inches from the ground up to the center of the sign; 2 inches off the door jam on the handle side if possible.
- Lettering - all letters must be in uppercase, sans serif (cannot be expanded, extended, italic, bold, etc.). The letters must have a minimum height of 5/8 inch and a maximum height of 2 inches, and must be raised at least 1/32 inch above their background.
- Braille – Placement of Braille on the sign: has to be 5/8 inches away from the text and 5/8 inches away from the bottom of the sign.
- Pictograms - Possibly one of the most common pictograms seen is the wheelchair accessible symbol or the “Men’s” or “Women’s” for restrooms but there are others that may be required for other situations.
There are a few other miscellaneous factors you should always try to keep in mind. For example, your ADA signs should never have sharp edges. Why? Well, remember, people will be touching the sign to read it! You don’t need your customers or clients cutting their fingers.
If you have a specific query about ADA sign standards or would like to read more about the 2010 ADA standards, please click here.
If you would like to learn more about ADA sign standards or would like to place an order, please do not hesitate to contact us today. We would be happy to provide you with effective and professional looking ADA signage that comply with all relevant federal and state laws.